What to Know About Periodontitis? – Causes & Treatments


In its early phase, named gingivitis, the gums can become swollen and red and may bleed. In its more severe form, called periodontal disease, the gums can pull missing from the tooth, bone can be gone, and the teeth may release or even fall out. Periodontal disease is seen in adults. Periodontal disease and tooth decline are the two main threats to dental health.

A recent CDC report1 offers the following data related to the prevalence of periodontal disease in the U.S.:

  • 2% of adults old 30 ages and older have some periodontal disease.
  • Periodontal disease grows with age. Almost 70% of adults 65 years and older have periodontal disease.

This problem is more common in men than women (56.4% vs 38.4%). This condition is more found in men than women.

What are periodontitis Causes?

Periodontitis is a simple form of gum disease. It’s a bacterial infection that inflames the soft tissues right behind your teeth. Left untreated, it extends the bone supporting your teeth, which is essential to mobility and tooth loss.

What are periodontitis Causes

Bacteria in the mouth infect the tissue nearby the tooth. It also causes irritation around the tooth and leads to periodontal problems. When bacteria live on the teeth long enough, they convert a film termed plaque, which finally hardens to tartar, also named calculus. Tartar buildup can spread below the gum line, making the teeth harder to clean. Then, only a dental health expert can remove the tartar and stop the periodontal disease procedure.

How typical is periodontal disease?

Periodontitis disturbs more than 47% of adults over age 30 in the U.S. That number jumps to about 70% for adults 65 years and over.

Periodontitis is rare in people under age 30. It’s more likely to occur as you are old. Still, it can touch anyone with poor oral cleanliness — those who don’t brush their teeth and floss. Some people are also more prone to periodontitis than others. If your biological parents or ancestors have a past term of gum disease, you’re more likely to develop it.

What are the phases of periodontitis?

What are the phases of periodontitis

Periodontitis starts as inflammation and gets bade over the period.

Swelling (gingivitis)

Periodontitis begins with irritation in the gums, known as gingivitis. One of the first symptoms of gingivitis is that your teeth will bleed when you brush or dental floss your teeth.

You might also sign some staining on your teeth. This is called plaque. Plaque is an accumulation of bacteria and food that remains on your teeth. Though bacteria are always current in your mouth, they only become damaging when conditions allow them to increase. This might occur if you don’t brush or floss or get dental cleanings.

Initial periodontic disease

In the early stages of periodontal disease, your gums recede, or tug away, from your teeth, and small pockets form among gums and teeth. The pockets harbour harmful bacteria. Your immune system fights the infection, and your gum tissue recurs. You’ll likely experience bleeding during brushing, flossing, and about bone loss.

Moderate periodontal disease

Suppose left to develop into moderate periodontal disease. You might experience bleeding and pain around the teeth and gum decline. Your teeth will begin to lose bone care and become loose. The infection can also lead to an inflammatory response in your body.

Advanced periodontal disease

In advanced diseases, the connective tissue that holds your teeth in place starts to decline. The gums, bones, and other tissue that care for your teeth are destroyed. If you have advanced periodontal disease, you might experience different pain while eating, bad breath, and a foul taste in your mouth. You’ll lose your teeth.

What happens if the periodontal disease goes raw?

Periodontal disease progresses and becomes more complex over time. There are four gum illness phases, including:


This is an early-stage gum disease that is less plain than periodontitis. Gingivitis can occur twice if you clean your teeth every day and go to your dentist frequently for cleanings.

Mild periodontal disease:

Left untreated, gingivitis turns into mild teeth disease. At this stage, your teeth pull away from your muscles, and you lose some bone around them. As a result, you’ll develop periodontal pockets. Plaque, tartar, and bacteria convert stuck in these pockets, where your toothbrush and dental floss can’t reach.

Moderate periodontitis:

As periodontitis develops, you lose even more bone around your teeth. Bacteria last to erode the tendons and soft tissues that make your teeth stronger and keep them well. At this stage, your gums may become painful and tender.

Severe periodontitis:

The disease becomes more severe when periodontitis remains raw. As bone loss remains, your teeth may become loose and can fall out. In addition to your gums bleeding, there’s often pus and contagion around your gum line, leading to chronic bad sniff (halitosis).

How is periodontitis preserved?

Gum illness action depends on the extent and severity of your illness. There are non-surgical and surgical choices for giving periodontal disease.

Non-surgical periodontitis treatments.

Non-surgical choices often effort well for people with mild to moderate periodontal disease. These treatments include:


Your dentist may recommend oral antibiotics to fight contagion. Or they may place a topical antibiotic beneath your gums to target the precious area.

Scaling and root planning:

Also known as deep dental cleaning, scaling and root planning are like routine cleaning. The change is that you’ll obtain homegrown anaesthesia to numb your gums. Scaling and root planning are often done in two or more calls at your dentist or periodontist’s office. You must see your periodontist a month after this procedure to check your gums. In this way, you can see how well the treatment worked.

Surgical periodontitis treatments

You’ll probably need surgical intervention if you have moderate to severe periodontitis. Surgical treatments include:

Dental bone grafts:

If you have a share of bone loss, your dentist or periodontist may mention a bone graft. During this process, they’ll place bone-grafting physical in the areas where you’ve lost bone tissue. (The material may be your bone, donated bone, or synthetic.) The graft serves as a support for new bone growth. The goal is to decrease your risk of future infection and tooth damage.

Flap surgery:

During this process, a periodontist (gum specialist) makes. This incision along your gum line lifts your gum tissue away from your teeth. This lets them see your teeth’ roots and clean them carefully. If the infection causes bone loss, your periodontist may re-contour your underlying bone ridge. This makes the precious areas much easier to clean once curing takes place.

Gum grafts:

Periodontitis can cause gum tissue to pull away from teeth. This is a gum slump, and it leaks your teeth roots, making them seem longer. To change lost tissue around your teeth, your dentist or periodontist may mention a gum graft. During the phase of this surgery, they’ll bring a tissue graft beneath the affected teeth and join it. Gum graft surgery covers bare teeth roots, improves your smile’s presence, and reduces your risk for further decline.

Showed tissue renewal:

Your dentist or periodontist takes a special biocompatible skin between the current bone and your tooth. Also, this membrane keeps unwanted tissue from growing into the part and inspires bone to grow back in its place. This membrane will repel unwanted tissue from growing into the role and encourages bone to grow back in its place.

Platelet-rich plasma (PRP):

If you’ve lost one of the bone or gum tissue, PRP can help renew it. Your dentist or periodontist finds platelet-rich plasma from a blood sample. After pleasing a blood sample, they’ll spin it in a sieve to separate your clot from your red and white blood cells. Next, they’ll place the platelet-rich clot in deficient areas to inspire new bone growth.

Final Verdict:

In addition to poor oral health, periodontal disease can result in poor overall health. Research shows a vital link between oral and whole-body health—in people with periodontal disease. Also have a higher risk of rising heart disease, dementia, and other serious health issues.


Is periodontitis a severe disease?

Periodontal disease is a different gum infection that can bring tooth loss and other health problems. Periodontitis, also called gum disease, is a plain gum poison that damages the soft tissue. It also, without action, can destroy the bone that cares for your teeth.

Can periodontal be cured?

Is There a Cure for Periodontal Disease? Yes. The only natural cure for periodontal disease is to have all teeth removed and replaced with a complete set of implant-supported teeth. When the periodontic condition is analyzed, it cannot be reversed by medications or non-surgical actions.

How do you evaluate if you have periodontitis?

Bleeding gums – Gums should not ever bleed, even when you brush hard or use dental floss. Insistent bad breath – Caused by bacteria in the mouth. New spacing among teeth – Caused by bone loss. Loose teeth – Also begun by bone loss or weakened periodontic fibres (fibres that support the tooth to the bone).


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